Walking into a dispensary for the first time can be overwhelming. There are so many different strains of cannabis, all with their unique superlatives and aphorisms. Cookies or kush, Afghan or Acapulco Gold, Green or gorilla glues, indica, sativa, hybrid – what does it all mean?
Luckily, CannaSoure is here to help you decipher any strain anywhere. Of course, how a person reacts to marijuana is unique, but knowing strain types and high profiles can help you make the right decisions for the right experience with cannabis. Being an informed consumer can help you find the right bud for a suitable event.
There are four big cannabis categories used for smoking, derived from three landraces and named with a wide variety of terms that make for a great Shel Silverstein poem. No, seriously. So the next time you find yourself in a cannabis dispensary near Portland, don’t be overwhelmed, knowledgeable staff at CannaSource has got you covered.
When choosing the right cannabis flower, it always helps to go over the basics of cannabis sativa, indica, ruderalis (CBD) and hybrid variants. Each has a different geographic origin, use and what to expect, while three are derived from actual landrace strains. All dispensaries advertise these four distinct flower types, with general guidelines for the high profile they induce.
Humans have been cultivating cannabis for millennia. Hemp, an industrial cultivar of cannabis sativa L with low levels of THC, has fibers cultivated by humans for weaving clothing, ropes and paper. But it didn’t stop the early heads from finding the good stuff.
Because of our limited transportation options until the modern day, mean certain strains of cannabis are called landraces. Landraces are cannabis strains with a concrete geographic region of origin. These cannabis varieties have likely existed for centuries. Landrace strains tend to be pure indicas or sativas, not hybrids. The general rule is every landrace is a strain, but not every strain is a landrace.
With landraces, you can expect a certain level of consistency in effects, but there is still some variation within each strain. There are more than 30 landraces across the world, and it is from these landraces that more modern strains have emerged. We’ll review more popular sativa and indica landraces before explaining cannabis ruderalis and hybrid strains.
Sativa landraces have evolved to thrive in warmer, more tropical environments, resulting in many equatorial and southern hemisphere origins. With the right conditions, cannabis Sativa plants will grow tall, with thin-fingered leaves and provide that trademark “head high.” they also generally have orange, red and yellow coloration. Sativa produces a stimulating, energizing and creative high, making them the perfect choice for social gatherings or struggles against fatigue.
Indica landraces were first cultivated in central Asia, molded to better deal with cooler climates and more rugged terrain. They’re known to have broad leaves with dark green, blue and purple hues. Indicas produce a calming, sedative, relaxing high that treats pain or sleeping issues. These shorter, sturdier and more resinous variants offer a more calming “body high,” though not as much as CBD plants.
Cannabis Ruderalis is the newest landrace form and is not as well cultivated. Some scientists believe the landrace is derived from indica and sativa hybrids. Others think it might be a wild ancestor of modern cannabis plants. As this variant was not as well cultivated, it has facilitated cross-breeding with different strains and resulted in fewer pure ruderalis landraces.
Ruderalis contains lower THC and higher CBD concentrations, making it a natural candidate for CBD products. However, its short flowering cycle and auto-flowering capability (it does not rely on photosynthesis to flowers like sativa or indica) were a favorite for growers looking to craft new hybrid strains that could grow faster indoors and without as much light.
Hybrid cannabis strains do not have landraces, as they have no geographic origin that predates the modern cannabis industry. Moreover, as a hybrid cannabis plant can contain any percentage of sativa, indica or ruderalis landraces within them, it’s hard to say a hybrid plant has any one geographic origin. Thus, hybrid plants are called strains.
There exist many different types of hybrid strains. Many modern sativa strains are hybrids of different sativa plants. Indica strains are hybrids of indica plants. True hybrids are any mixture of sativa, indica and ruderalis, usually favoring Sativa-dominant or Indica-dominant. Blue Dream, Gorilla Glue and White Widow are perhaps the most famous hybrid strains of all time and cultivation pioneers.
The stoner vocabulary is a wide variety of colloquial terms and bywords for smokers, smoking and smoker essentials. From “puff-puff-pass” to “left is law,” there are a lot of adages to remember in the cannabis community. But with the increasing legality of growing cannabis, keeping track of the strain names can also be challenging.
However, there are keywords used as prefixes, suffixes and modifiers to describe the lineage of a strain. CannaSource explains the most common adjectives and what you can expect from them.
CannaSource wants to ensure you feel informed when you enter the store and know exactly what to expect. Whether recreational customers or medical patients, we source all your cannabis needs with experienced budtenders who know their strains and how to enjoy them. With this knowledge, we guarantee you’ll never be left wondering what type of strain you’re getting.
For more information on cannabis products, cultivation tips and best practices, check out our quality marijuana dispensary here in Portland. Can’t make it in? Call us at (971) 254-4374 or contact us online. Happy smoking!